Types of Opioids

blister packs of pills showing types of opioids

While many people use the terms opioids and opiates interchangeably, they are two different types of drugs. Opiates can be derived naturally and include drugs like medications like morphine and codeine as well as the illegal drug heroin. Opioids are a class of prescription drugs artificially or synthetically derived. Doctors prescribe opioids to manage mild to severe pain.

Due to their potency, opiates and opioids can be highly addictive. Many users require help for addiction at a South Florida detox center. So what types of opioids are there, and how do they affect the body?

The mass distribution of these drugs has led to the opioid epidemic in the U.S. Although the warnings about the dangers of opioids doctors continue to prescribe painkillers and other medications at a staggering rate.

Antagonists

The first of the primary types of opioids are antagonists. These counter or reduce the effects of other opioids. They are highly effective in helping someone overcome an addiction to common opioids. They are typically used in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) programs as a part of opioid detox. Examples of antagonist medications include:

  • Naltrexone
  • Naloxone
  • Methylnaltrexone
  • Nalmefene

Although antagonists are not as addictive as opioids, it is still possible to abuse them. Detox centers take extra precautions to limit the prescription and monitor the client closely when providing antagonists.

Agonists

The second type of opioids is antagonists that activate certain receptors in the brain. For instance, agonist opioids activate the opioid receptor to produce a full-blown opioid effect. Developers create different agonists to activate receptors at different levels. This allows doctors to prescribe the right type of medication that treats the pain accordingly. Examples of opiates that are agonists include:

  • Codeine
  • Oxycodone
  • Methadone
  • Hydrocodone
  • Opium
  • Morphine

Due to their powerful pain-relieving and euphoric properties, agonists are addictive and dangerous. A person who continues to use these types of opioids and opiates may form an addiction that is difficult to manage. Professional treatment such as an oxycodone detox program is available to help those who are struggling with opiate addiction.

Why Are Opioids Addictive?

Like alcohol or any other drug, opioids alter brain function. Specifically, opioids create artificial endorphins in the brain. These artificial endorphins produce pleasurable feelings. A person may continue to use opioids to experience the feeling over and again. Over time, the body becomes tolerant to the drug, causing it to lose its effect.

The user may request an increase in dosage from their doctor to continue experiencing the euphoria. This leads to an addiction, which escalates into full-blown dependency. By this point, the user no longer takes the drug to experience pleasure. Instead, they use it to avoid negative feelings due to withdrawal symptoms.

The user may attempt to quit multiple times. However, they are so dependent on the drug that they relapse. Eventually, it becomes apparent that they need help at a detox center in Florida.

Treatment for Opioid Addiction

Detox: Treatment for opioids begins by checking into a detox center. Detox allows the body to flush out the toxins from the drug and heal from the addiction. This can produce mild to severe withdrawal symptoms that produce pain and discomfort. Detox centers offer medication-assisted treatment, 24/7 support, a full medical detox staff, and comfortable facilities to help clients complete detox successfully.

Rehab: Once a person completes detox, the next step is rehab. Residential and outpatient rehab is available. A person can engage in evidence-based and holistic treatment in individual, family, and group settings. With the right treatment, recovery from opiate addiction is available.

Aftercare: After rehab, it may difficult for a person to make the transition back into daily life. Aftercare programs are available to prevent relapse. They include alumni programs, support groups, ongoing therapy, and sober living houses.

Learn More About the Types of Opioids and Treatment at Summit Detox

If you or a loved one is struggling with opioid abuse, then learn more about our addiction treatment at Summit Detox. We offer comprehensive treatment for addiction at our opiate detox center in Florida. Contact Summit Detox at 866.341.0638 to get started with your treatment today.

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